What is testicular cancer?
Testicular cancer is a form of cancer which starts in the testicle or testes. Although it is relatively rare, it is most common in men aged between 15 and 44. Testicular cancer, with early diagnosis, can be treated and cured. In order to catch this cancer early, we encourage men to know the early signs and self-examine. If a lump or swelling is found it is important to speak to a testicular cancer specialist.
What are the testicles?
The testicles (of which there are two) are part of the male reproductive system. Testicles have a firm yet spongy feel to them and the firmness should be uniform throughout the testicle. They should both be approximately the same size. The testicles produce testosterone and are the location of sperm maturation.
What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?
There are a few signs to be aware of to help detect testicular cancer early. These include:
- A pain free lump in the testicle
- Swelling of the testicle
- A weighty feeling in the scrotum
- Pain or a dull ache in the testicle, scrotum or groin
- Tenderness or changes in the male breast tissue
If you notice any of these signs it is important to speak to a testicular cancer specialist - these are urologists who specialise in this area of urology. As cancer can spread it is important to speak to your specialist early.
Your testicular cancer specialist will want to assess if it is in fact testicular cancer or if there is another issue which could be:
- Testicular torsion
- Inguinal hernia
We suggest doing a testicular self-examination after a warm bath or shower and whilst standing. Firstly, check each testicle - gently but firmly roll the testicle between the thumb and forefinger. Secondly, find the epididymis and vas deferens - these are soft tubes/cords behind the testicle. Next, feel for lumps, bumps and swelling. This should be done monthly.
If you have any concerns surrounding testicular cancer or symptoms it is really important to see a testicular cancer specialist.
Contact our team to make an enquiry.