Causes of male infertility
Causes of male infertility - London Andrology

Male infertility refers to a man's inability to cause pregnancy in a fertile female. It can be caused by various factors that affect sperm production, function, or delivery. Some common causes of male infertility include:

  1. Low Sperm Count (Oligospermia): A lower-than-normal sperm count can reduce the chances of fertilizing an egg.
  2. Abnormal Sperm Morphology: If a significant percentage of sperm has an abnormal shape, it may affect their ability to reach and fertilize an egg.
  3. Poor Sperm Motility: Sperm need to move effectively to reach the egg. Poor motility can hinder this process.
  4. Erectile Dysfunction or Ejaculation Problems: Difficulties in achieving or maintaining an erection or problems with ejaculation can impact fertility.
  5. Varicocele: A varicocele is a swelling of the veins that drain the testicle. It's a common cause of male infertility and can affect sperm production and quality.
  6. Hormonal Imbalances: Hormonal disorders, such as low testosterone levels or problems with the pituitary gland, can impact sperm production.
  7. Genetic Factors: Some genetic conditions can cause infertility or increase the risk of reproductive issues.
  8. Infections: Certain infections, such as sexually transmitted infections, can affect sperm production or function.
  9. Environmental Factors: Exposure to environmental toxins, radiation, or certain chemicals can contribute to male infertility.
  10. Lifestyle Factors: Poor lifestyle choices, including smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, drug use, obesity, and high levels of stress, can negatively impact fertility.

Diagnosing male infertility often involves a comprehensive evaluation of medical history, lifestyle factors, physical examination, and laboratory tests, including semen analysis.

Treatment options vary depending on the underlying cause of infertility. They may include lifestyle changes, medications, surgery, or assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

If a couple is experiencing difficulty conceiving, it's advisable for both partners to undergo a thorough fertility evaluation to identify any potential issues. Consulting with a fertility specialist or urologist can help determine the most appropriate course of action based on the specific circumstances.

Book your consultation with London Andrology by contacting us here.

This article is intended to inform and give insight but not treat, diagnose or replace the advice of a doctor. Always seek medical advice with any questions regarding a medical condition.

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